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1. Names:

Sanskrit: Kunkum  
Enlarge photo
English: Saffron  
Botanical: Crocus sativus  
Hindi: Kesar  
Telugu: Kumkum puvvu  
Common names:  Kesa, Kesram, Khesa, Zafran  
Family name: Iridaceae  

2. Parts used:

  • Flower

3. Properties and Action According to Indigenous Medical Systems:

  • -

4. Uses:


  • Saffron adds good taste and flavor to dishes.


  • It is an antispasmodic, diaphoretic, carminative, emmenagogic and sedative in nature.

5. Names due to Physical properties:

  • Kasmeeraja: Born in Kashmeer.

6. Names due to Medical properties:

  • Pushtida: Gives strength.

7. Reference:

Vasthu guna deepika, Vasthu guna prakashika, Chakradatta, Susrutam, Basabarajeezam, Bhavaprakashika, Vangacena, Charakasamhita, Vagvatamu, Hareetasamhita, Srijanakalpavalli.


Large dosages can be fatal.

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