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1. Names:

Sanskrit: Marica  
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Enlarge photo
English: Black Pepper  
Botanical: Piper nigrum  
Hindi: Kalimirc  
Telugu: Miriyalu  
Common names:  Poivre, Pfeffer, Pepe nero, Pimienta negra, filfil, Gol/kala, Merica hitam, Meritja, Phik noi, Lada hitam, Prik ki, Tai, Kurumilagu, Kalomirich, Karimenasu  
Family name: Myristicaceae  

2. Parts used:

  • Seeds

3. Properties and Action According to Indigenous Medical Systems:

  • Rasa: Katu.
  • Vipaka: Mathura.
  • Veerya: Ushna.

4. Uses:


  • It is good ingredient in food.
  • It adds aroma to food.
  • Papadums with pepper are delicious.
  • A paste of green peppercorns, cinnamon and garlilc is good sauce for fish.


  • Stomachic; carminative; aromatic stimulant; antibacterial; diaphoretic in nature.
  • It stimulates taste-buds, secretions.
  • It improves digestion.
  • Cures gastro-intestinal disorders.
  • It calms nausea and raises body temperature.
  • Along with some herbs it acts as an effective remedy for fevers and chills.

5. Names due to Physical properties:

  • Valleeja: Creeper.

6. Names due to Medical properties:

  • Vishaghni, mareecha: Removes poison.

7. Reference:

Bhavaprakashika, Vangacena, Charakasamhita, Vagvatamu, Hareetasamhita, Srijanakalpavalli.

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