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1. Names:

Sanskrit: Khaskhasaphala  
Enlarge photo
English: Opium poopy  
Botanical: Papaver somniferum  
Hindi: Pest  
Telugu: Gasagasalu  
Common names: Poppy seeds, aphium opium poppy, white poppy, posta
Family name: Papaveraceae  

2. Parts used:

  • Seeds
  • Flowers

3. Properties and Action According to Indigenous Medical Systems:

  • Rasa: Mathura [sweet] mild astringent.
  • Vipak: Mathura.
  • Veerya: Seetaveerya.

4. Uses:

  • It is an aphrodisiac.
  • It acts as a painkiller [analgesic, anodyne].
  • It is astringent, bactericidal, calmative, carminative, demulcent, emollient, expectorant, hemostat, hypotensive, hypnotic, narcotic, nervine, sedative in nature.
  • It cures cough and conjunctivitis.
  • It cures the pain which effects only one side of head [hemicrania].
  • It balances hypertension.
  • Increases sweat [sudorific].
  • It cures pain during menstruation [dysmenorrheal].
  • This is good remedy for asthma, bladder, hysteria, inflammation, insomnia, leucorrhea, malaria, mania, melancholy, nausea, neuralgia, otitis, pertussis, prolapse, rectitis, snakebite, spasm, spermatorrhea.
  • Bruises, cancer, dysentery hypochondria, sprain, stomachache, , catarrh, cold, colic, cough, diarrhea can be cured by this herb.
  • It relieves inflammation in small intestine[enteritis].
  • It prevents [enterorrhagia].
  • It also heals rheumatism, fever, flux, headache, hemicrania, swelling, toothache, tumor, ulcers, and warts.

5. Names due to Physical properties:

  • Sookshma beeja:The plant with tiny seeds.

6. Names due to Medical properties:

  • Pushtida, Balya: It gives strength.

7. Reference:

Vasthu guna deepika, Vasthu guna prakashika, Chakradatta, Susrutam, Basabarajeezam, Bhavaprakashika, Vangacena, Charakasamhita, Vagvatamu, Hareetasamhita, Srijanakalpavalli.

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