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1. Names:

Sanskrit: Raji, Sarshapa, Kshutabhijanaka  
Enlarge photo
English: Mustard  
Botanical: Brassica alba, B. juncea, B. nigra, Sinapsis alba  
Hindi: Lahi, Taramira  
Telugu: Avalu  
Common names:  Raisarisha, Kalirai, Bilesasuve, Ravenele, Sinapa, Asuri  
Family name: Cruciferae  

2. Parts used:

  • Seeds.

3. Properties and Action According to Indigenous Medical Systems:

  • Physical properties: An erect herbaceous annual.
  • The white variety (B. alba) is hardy, growing to 80 cm (30 in), with hairy stems and lobed leaves.
  • The bright yellow flowers yield hairy fruit pods, 2.5 - 5 cm (1-2 in) long, each containing about six seeds.

4. Uses:


  • This seeds are used as medicine for scurvy and dropsy.
  • The combination of mustard and black pepper used as medicine for paralysis.
  • The mustard oil, when applied on body, reduces fat.
  • It kills the germs.
  • The mixture of mustard seeds and salt,when applied on teeth, cures the dental problems.
  • It is rubefacient, irritant, stimulant, diuretic, emetic, pungent, laxative, digestive.

5. Names due to Physical properties:

  • Teekshna Gandha:The plant with pungent smell.

6. Names due to Medical properties:

  • Krimimardha:This plant kills germs.

7. Reference:

Vasthu guna deepika, Vasthu guna prakashika, Chakradatta, Susrutam, Basabarajeezam, Bhavaprakashika, Vangacena, Charakasamhita, Vagvatamu, Hareetasamhita, Srijanakalpavalli.

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