The exact time of the origin of Ayurveda is
not clearly known. But one myth (Purana) from the Indian creation
mythology gives some information about the origin of Ayurveda.
Another origin are the Vedas:
||The myth about Ayurveda.
||Ayurveda and Veda have a relation in depth.
1. Purana - the myth about Ayurveda:
One of the creation myths is Ksheera sagara medan (ksheera
means milk, sagar means ocean and madan means churning). In
this story the gods and demons churned for “elixir”
(nectar of immortibility) and from this churning of the ocean
of milk so many things emerged:
- Kamdhenu [a holly cow],
- Kalpavruksha [sacred tree],
- Goddess Lakshmi [goddess of prosperity],
- The Moon,
- Poison (Halahala) and
- A god called “Dhanvantri” with the nectar
in his hand.
Dhanvantri is the god of Ayurveda. He holds the Ayurvedic
descriptions and some herbs with his hand.
Whereas Ksheera sagara madan is treated as a myth, the disciple
of Dhanvantri, called as “Charaka”, is well known
to the world. We can still get his knowledge from a book called
“Charakasamhita” written by Charaka. Along with
this book, the books Sushruta Samhita [deals
with Salya chikitsa = surgery] and Astanga Hridayam
are also very famous books in Ayurveda.
and the Vedas:
Ayurveda and Veda have a relation in depth.
Vedas are ancient doctrines of great knowledge on earth. The
major Vedas are four in number and they are Rigveda, Yajurveda,
Sama veda and Atharvana veda. Each main veda has one upa veda
Ayurveda is treated as Upaveda of Rigveda and Antharveda (internal
part) of Atharvana veda.
Ayurveda is not a merely medical system or a medical kit;
it is like sacred science of life.
It helps the human being to lead a happy life with pure mind
by providing the whole information about it. So it is treated
as Panchamaveda (5th major veda).
In Ayurveda there are some “paramparas” [Knowledge
from Gods] called Daiva parampara, Siddha parampara and Rishi
- According to Daiva parampara, the flow of the knowledge
is like this: it was revealed by Lord Brahma.
The knowledge of Ayurveda transformed from Brahma to Ashwini
kumar [divine healers] through Prajapati
[Son of Brahma]. Ashwini Kumar taught Ayurveda to Indra.
From Indra, Ayurveda was revealed to a Saint called Bhardwaj.
- According to Rishi parampara: Dhanvantri
- Susruuta, Vaitarana, Bambrha, Poshka
bhavara, Gopura rakshita and Karaveera - Kasyapa
- Atri, Bhrugu and Vasishta.
- According to Saivi (worshippers of Lord Siva) sampradaya
(sampradaya = cult): Lord Siva - Parvati
- Nandi - Agastya - Chulastya
So the origin of Ayurveda is not clearly known. But according
to information from ancient texts, we can say that, Ayurveda
is an ancient and higher knowledge which supports human being
to lead a happy life in natural way.