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1. Names:

Sanskrit: Stringa-vera, Ardakam  
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English: Ginger  
Botanical: Zingiber officinale  
Hindi: Adarak  
Telugu: Allamu, Ardrakamu  
Common names:  Marathi: Sunt
Malyalam: Inci
Konkani: Alem
Urdu: Adroko
Kannada: Ardraka
Family name: Zingiberaceae  

2. Parts used:

  • Root

3. Properties and Action According to Indigenous Medical Systems:

  • Rasa: Spicy in taste.
  • Veerya: Ushnaveerya.
  • Veepaka: Mathura.

4. Uses:


  • It is aphrodisiac.
  • It balances Kapha and aama doshas.
  • It is useful in the treatment of disease related to Vaata doshas.
  • It clears abdominal diseases and worms, bronchitis or asthma, heart disease, dropsy, cholera, nausea, bad taste in the mouth.
  • It is carminative, diuretic.
  • Good remedy for gastric disorders, rheumatism, fevers and nervous diseases.
  • Good remedy for abdominal distention when it is mixed with castor oil.
  • A mixture of ginger and honey induces motion and also cures tympanites.
  • Recommended remedy for colic, diarrhoea, flatulence, dyspepsia and loss of appetite.
  • It relieves the cough and sore throat.
  • Relieves pain, swelling, head-ache and tooth-ache as external paste.
  • It is used for conjunctiva, brain symptoms in fevers, insanity.
  • It also used as Nasya.
  • Relieves headache, heaviness in the head and and hysteria.
  • It cures pains, inflammations of liver.
  • It is a tonic, anorexia.

5. Names due to Physical properties:

  • Mahowshadam: Great medicine.
  • Katugrandhi: The pant with spicy root.

6. Names due to Medical properties:

  • Kaphahari: Balances Kapha dosha.

7. Reference:

Vasthu guna deepika, Vasthu guna prakashika, Chakradatta, Susrutam,
Basabarajeezam, Bhavaprakashika, Vangacena, Charakasamhita, Vagvatamu, Hareetasamhita, Srijanakalpavalli.

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