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1. Names:

Sanskrit: Chitraphala, Aindri, Gavaksi, Indravalli  
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English: Colocynth, Indian wild gourd, Bitter apple  
Botanical: Citrullus colocynthis  
Hindi: Indrayan, Makal  
Telugu: Eetiputcha, Paparabundama  
Common names: Indrayan, Makal; Indrak, Indravana, Indrayan;Pavamekkakayi, Tumtikayi; Konkan: Kavandali; Peykommutti; Kadu-vrindavana, Indrayan; Ghurumba; Peykkumutti, Verittumatti; Mahakal; Pair; Chitraphala, Aindri, Gavaksi, Indravalli, Indravarooni, Mehendravaruni, Visala  
Family name: Cucurbitaceae  

2. Parts used:

  • Leaves
  • Fruits
  • Roots

3. Properties and Action According to Indigenous Medical Systems:

  • Rasa: Very bitter.
  • Vipak: Spicy.
  • Veerya: Ushna veerya.

4. Uses:

  • The fruit is a good remedy for anemia, ascites, asthma and bronchitis.
  • It cures constipation, adenopathy, bilious disorders, urinogenital disorders, cancer, dropsy, cholagogue, and fever.
  • The oil of the seeds enhances hair growth.
  • Ophthalmia, uterine pain, foetal atrophy, jaundice, leucoderma, spleeno-megaly can be control by this herb.
  • It affects throat diseases related to tubercular glands, tumors, ulcers, and urinary discharges, joint pain, sciatica, gout and hemiplegia[paralysis affecting only one side of body].
  • The leaves of Colocynth can be used for ascites, bronchial asthma, palsy and elephantiasis.
  • This also causes abortion.
  • The root is used for arthritic pain, breast inflammation, ophthalmia, leprosy, filariasis dyspepsia and uterine pain.
  • Amenorrhoea, ascites, tumors (especially of the abdomen), carcinoma, endothelioma, leukemia, corns, tumors of the liver, spleen, and even the eyes can be curable by this plant.
  • Good remedy for jaundice, leukemia, rheumatism, snakebite with other herbs.

5. Names due to Physical properties:

  • Katuphala: The plant with bitter fruits.

6. Names due to Medical properties:

  • Sleepadahari: Which cures phylariasis.

7. Reference:

Vasthu guna deepika,Vasthu guna prakashika and Lolambarajeeyam.

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