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1. Names:

Sanskrit: Bhumyaamlaki, Bahupatra  
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English: Nunki  
Botanical: Phyllanthus niruri, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus amarus  
Hindi: Bhulamla  
Telugu: Nela usirika  
Common names: Bhuamalaki, Bhuy amalaki, Niruri, bhuiamla, Bhuiavala, Bhuta- dhatri, Bhuyavali, Herbe due chagrin, Jaramla, Kilanelli, Kirunelli, Kizhkay nelli, Nela usirika, Phyllanthe niruri, Weisse Blatt-blume
Family name: Euphorbiaceae  

2. Parts used:

  • Leaves
  • Root
  • Whole plant

3. Properties and Action According to Indigenous Medical Systems:

  • Rasa: Mathura and bitter.
  • Vipaka: Spicy.
  • Veerya: Seetaveerya.

4. Uses:

  • It is a good analgesic (pain-reliever).
  • It gives good support to Liver.
  • It is a good hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver).
  • It is antibacterial, antihepatotoxic (liver detoxifier), antimalarial, antimutagenic (cellular protector).
  • It relieves and prevents spasms [antispasmodic], antiviral, contraceptive, diuretic, gastrototonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric system).
  • It prevents and eliminates kidney stones [antilithic].
  • It lowers cholesterol [hypocholesterolemic].
  • It lowers blood pressure [hypotensive] uterine relaxant, malaria, menstrual problems.
  • It balances glucose content in blood [antilithic].

5. Names due to Physical properties:

  • Bahupatri: The plant with several leaves.
  • Bahu phala: The plant with lots of fruits.

6. Names due to Medical properties:

  • Vishagni: It removes poison.

7. Reference:

Vasthu guna deepika, Vasthu guna prakashika, Chakradatta, Susrutam, Basabarajeezam, Bhavaprakashika, Vangacena, Charakasamhita, Vagvatamu, Hareetasamhita, Srijanakalpavalli.

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