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1. Names:

Sanskrit: Tamalapatra  
Enlarge photo
English: Bay Leaf  
Botanical: Laurus nobilis  
Hindi: Tejpat  
Telugu: Biryani aku  
Common names:  Apollo’s Bay Leaf, Bay, Bay Laurel, Grecian Laurel, Indian Bay, Laurel, Nobel Laurel, Poet’s Laurel, Roman Laurel, Royal Laurel, Sweet Bay, Sweet Laurel, Wreath Laurel  
Family name: Lauraceae  

2. Parts used:

  • Leaf

3. Properties and Action According to Indigenous Medical Systems:

  • Rasa: Spicy and sweet.
  • Veerya: Ushna veerya.
  • Vipaka: Katu.

4. Uses:


  • It is used in soups, sauces.
  • Seasoning for fish, meat and poultry.
  • It also used as pickle.


  • It is astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, emetic and stomachic in nature.

5. Names due to Physical properties:

  • Surabhi valkala: With good smell.

6. Names due to Medical properties:

  • Balya: Gives strength.

7. Reference:

Vasthu guna deepika, Vasthu guna prakashika, Chakradatta, Susrutam,
Basabarajeezam, Bhavaprakashika, Vangacena, Charakasamhita, Vagvatamu, Hareetasamhita, Srijanakalpavalli.

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